Our cars have electronic control units (ECU) that control the performance. They enhance fuel efficiency and also causes cleaner emissions. Therefore, car enthusiasts pay more attention to the tuning of their car chips. It increases both the power and performance of your car. And with knowledge about the monitoring of the electrical system of vehicles, you can do it yourself.
So no need to go to the car mechanic for the tuning of the car chip. But you need to learn about it first. Because it will determine the final performance of your car. A mistake can put your life in danger. First of all, you need to have the right tools for the job. You can read more about this.
You can get a pedal booster that will improve the reaction of your vehicle. Thus, you will be safe in every situation. A sudden break or acceleration won’t cause much harm. Likewise, they also have a chip box that improves turbo pressure and does fuel management for efficient performance. All you need to tell them is the brand of your car, its model, and engine. That’s it. Now you will have the right chipset.
Process of chip tuning
There are proper parameters for the reprogramming of the electronic control unit. To begin with, you have to first determine the fuel and air ratio that the engine generates. This is done by placing the ECU in the vehicle’s injection system. Thus, you will be able to adjust this fuel and air ratio according to the latest parameters through reprogramming.
Cost of tuning
If you have the knowledge of mechanical work and programming of chips, you can do it at home. However, it is best to get it done by a professional despite the payment. The cost varies with car models and chipsets and also with the method of tuning. So if your mechanic is using a method that provides the best results, it might cost more.
The whole process involves the whole electronic and computer system of your vehicle. Therefore, it requires a high level of accuracy and precision. So there could not be a slight mistake in the whole process. Because apart from the engine, some other parts are also linked with it.
The tuning processes include;
1. Ignition timing
With better ignition timing, your engine will start quickly. A spark is produced during ignition, which results in a knocking effect. If the ignition or spark is not proper, there will be more knocking. Thus, the engine will be affected negatively. However, if the ignition timing can be improved, the life of your engine will increase.
Along with the improved ignition timing, you should also pay more attention to the fuel you use. Premium quality high octane fuels are best for the longer service life of your engine. They reduce the knocking effect and increase engine life.
2. Air to Fuel ratio (AFR)
The air to fuel ratio determines the power of the vehicle. For example, if the fuel consists of octane, the best air to fuel ratio would be 14.7:1. Thus, your engine will need 14.7 grams of air for every 1 gram of consumed fuel.
Likewise, if you want to achieve maximum power in your vehicle, you will need a 12.5:1 air to fuel ratio. And if we increase the AFR from 12.5 to 16 i.e. 16:1, we will have thermal efficiency at its maximum. Thus, by changing the AFR of vehicles, mechanics improve the power and performance of cars.
However, this can also increase fuel consumption and also emissions. Therefore, the ratio should be maintained carefully to not increase any of these problems. For example, if you are using turbocharged applications, you cannot exceed the AFR. That is why it should be at 12.5:1. Otherwise, the temperature of the combustion chamber will increase.
Of course, you will need to boost eh overall performance. And it makes you happy too. Increasing boost significantly improves the power performance of your engine. Increasing boost means that the amount of air will increase. And with more air in the cylinder, more fuel will burn. Thus, you will have a super amazing performance.
However, you should be careful with this aspect because it increases fuel consumption. This might be a short-term thing to adapt, for example, during the race. But if you want an engine with efficient fuel consumption, you should avoid boosting.
If you love fast driving and racing, you will need to readjust the governors. Originally, the engineers put limits on the engine performance. This is done to offer a safer run. The manufacturers put governors that include RPM cutoffs. You can get rid of them through play solutions.
However, if you use an aftermarket plug and get rid of the redline, you will have after-effects. After the RPM controls, your engine won’t be able to cope with the air consumption at a higher speed. Furthermore, your tires might not be compatible with that higher speed.
Furthermore, there is a valve train in the engine that manages the airflow during the drive. So without RPM controls, the valve train won’t be effective enough. Thus, the reduced airflow at a higher speed will negatively affect your drive. So you need to change them too.
Therefore, if you have to change governors, you will need to readjust some other parts too. Otherwise, both your and your car’s life will be at a risk. You cannot take risks at a higher speed.
5. Launch control
Apart from increasing the power of your engine, you can do something else to enhance the efficiency of the engine. This includes changes in the extra features like launch control. These control features manage the control systems. So when your vehicle is stationary, they will hold the RPM of the engine at the opted speed.
And when you release the clutch, there won’t be any launch control limitation. Thus, you will be free to move. So go at the speed you want.