Microneedling has become an increasingly popular cosmetic procedure in recent years for its ability to treat a variety of skin concerns by stimulating collagen production.
It involves using tiny needle pricks to create controlled micro-injuries to the skin, triggering the body’s natural wound healing processes to smooth fine lines, scars, and wrinkles and tighten skin.
The minimally invasive treatment has little downtime yet delivers meaningful results when performed correctly. In this article, we explore what exactly microneedling entails, how it works, its benefits for the skin, what to expect during a session, aftercare tips, and reasons for its surge in popularity.
Microneedling is known as collagen induction therapy or percutaneous collagen induction. It is a treatment that utilizes small needles to puncture the skin and create tiny wounds.
These micro-injuries signal the body to generate new collagen and elastin fibers which are responsible for healthy, youthful-looking skin.
The microneedles come mounted on a roller or pen device that pierces the skin’s outer layer but does not go deep into the dermis. The needles prick the skin up to hundreds of times per second as the device glides over the treatment area.
The controlled wounds trigger increased collagen synthesis and skin remodeling while minimizing actual damage to the skin.
Microneedling creates microscopic punctures in the skin using fine short needles mounted on a rolling device.
As the microneedling device is moved over the skin, the needles penetrate the epidermis, creating minor injuries in a controlled manner without damaging the dermis below. This triggers the body’s natural wound-healing response.
Tiny wounds provoke the skin to increase collagen and elastin production as part of the repair process.
Collagen aids in thickening the dermis, while elastin makes the skin more supple. The micro-injuries also stimulate growth factors and fibroblasts that remodel damaged structural components of the dermis and epidermis.
Over the course of a few days after microneedling, cellular debris is cleared away, and fresh collagen growth restructures the damaged area. The skin becomes thicker due to collagen stimulation, while elastin repairs the elasticity.
This process results in smoother, firmer, more toned skin. The new collagen deposition can reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, enlarged pores, acne scars, hyperpigmentation, and other skin issues.
Regular microneedling maintains these youthful effects. The skin’s surface also remains intact throughout the needling process and natural repair cycle.
Benefits of Microneedling
Microneedling offers numerous benefits for skin rejuvenation and treating various cosmetic concerns. Some of the primary ones include:
Reduces signs of aging
By stimulating collagen production and skin remodeling, microneedling can reduce fine lines and wrinkles, minimizing signs of aging. The new collagen deposition also tightens and firms sagging skin for a more toned, youthful appearance.
Improves skin texture
Microneedling enhances skin texture by smoothing roughness and evening skin tone. It is also highly effective in reducing the appearance of acne scars, surgical scars, and stretch marks by repairing damaged skin.
Microneedling also exfoliates by getting rid of dead skin cells and revealing fresh new layers. Hence, patients feel microneedling gives their face a glow and healthy radiance when done consistently over time.
Other benefits include shrinking enlarged pores, clearing up hyperpigmentation, increasing blood circulation for brighter skin tone, and allowing better absorption of skincare
products by creating microchannels.
The treatment is suitable for all skin types and has a lower risk profile than more invasive procedures. The effects of microneedling improve cumulatively with multiple treatments about 4-6 weeks apart.
What to Expect from the Microneedling Procedure?
The first step is to cleanse and numb the skin with a topical anesthetic cream. The doctor then rolls the microneedling device over the treatment area, puncturing the skin hundreds of times per second with the tiny needles.
It takes about 10-30 minutes, depending on the targeted area. You’ll feel some mild discomfort and pressure but not severe pain due to the numbing. Pinpoint bleeding may occur, which the doctor cleans away.
Immediately after treatment, the skin appears reddened with tiny puncture marks that resolve quickly. Possible side effects include temporary redness, swelling, minor bruising, sensitivity, and dry/flaky patches as the skin heals.
More intensive “fractional” microneedling penetrates deeper into the dermis, causing greater initial skin reaction but faster results from one session. Multiple lighter sessions spaced weeks apart yield gradual improvements with minimal downtime per treatment.
Aftercare for Microneedling Procedure
Post-procedure care is important for proper healing and reducing infection risks. Avoid picking or scrubbing the treated skin, which could cause scarring. Use gentle cleansers, applying by hand without cloths which could be abrasive.
Moisturize frequently to soothe and hydrate the skin while it regenerates. Avoid direct sun exposure, which can damage the skin while it’s healing. Use high-SPF sunscreen when going outside. Avoid strenuous exercise for 2-3 days after.
Don’t use vitamin C, retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, or other harsh actives until the skin has fully healed, typically 72 hours post-treatment. Wait 1-2 weeks for more aggressive exfoliation or facial procedures. Results become noticeable in 2-4 weeks.
Stick to the recommended treatment schedule for cumulative improvements. Proper aftercare ensures optimal outcomes and safety.
Why is Microneedling Getting Popular?
Microneedling has surged in popularity due to its ability to deliver meaningful anti-aging and skin enhancement results with little downtime. Compared to laser treatments and chemical peels, microneedling is gentler on the skin with lower risks.
The treatment is effective on all skin types and colors. Improvements happen gradually over multiple sessions, looking more natural than drastic resurfacing procedures. Microneedling is also more affordable than many other in-office treatments, and the results tend to last longer.
Devices designed for at-home use make the treatment even more accessible, though professional procedures yield better results. Patients appreciate the lack of adverse effects compared to oral or topical products.
With the skilled application, microneedling produces regenerative skin changes safely and efficiently using the body’s natural healing processes with long-lasting results.
With its ability to improve a variety of skin concerns safely and effectively, microneedling has proven to be a game-changing innovation in the cosmetic industry, delivering real results backed by science.
Read more about what cosmetic procedure makes you look young.