The sleeve gastrectomy is one of the procedures used to make the stomach smaller. It aims to treat obesity as obesity represents a major risk to the patient’s life. This type of procedure has spread in recent years. Also, you must follow a diet schedule after the procedure to reach your goal.
Diet after gastrectomy
A diet plan should be followed after the gastrectomy because there are types of food that impair stomach healing. It also leads to gastric leak and the diet consists of four stages:
The first week of diet schedule after gastrectomy
It starts from the day of surgery until the end of an entire week as fluids are consumed. The attending physician also determines the period the patient needs. He also guides the patient to eat gelatin, skimmed milk and water.
The second and the third weeks
This stage may last for two weeks as protein sources should be consumed and the patient has to drink a lot of fluids. Small amounts of food should also be eaten throughout the day. Eat egg white, cottage cheese, mashed meat, fish and soft cheese to preserve the integrity of the stomach in this case.
The fourth and the fifth weeks
At this stage, the patient gradually eats a group of snacks. It is recommended to eat vegetables and soft meats. The meals should be divided into 3 to 6 portions, and good advice is to add avocado.
The sixth week
At this stage, the patient eats solid foods as vegetables and fruits can be included, and less sugar and fat can be added. Caffeine should be moderately consumed.
General guidelines after sleeve gastrectomy
There is a set of tips that help the patient to be better after undergoing procedure and these tips include the following:
• Walking continuously
• Chewing and eating slowly
• Eating and drinking should be separated
• Avoid eating fast and eating fried food
• The mixer should be used to mash the food
• Large quantities of water should be consumed in order to avoid dehydration completely.
As suggested by mawso3h.com, one of the most effective procedures that help to lose weight is gastrectomy. It’s useful for obese people as a large portion of the stomach is removed. The removed segment is responsible for the production of the ghrelin hormone, which stimulates the feeling of fullness.
Diet schedule after sleeve gastrectomy
The patient, after the procedure, should rely on a diet schedule. In this way, the patient can recover quickly and adjust to the small size of the stomach. In the beginning, the patient only drinks liquids then the patient can eat solid foods, and finally the diet is divided into four stages which are:
• The first stage of the diet schedule after the sleeve gastrectomy
In the first week after the procedure, the patient is allowed to drink fluids in order to maintain hydration. The stomach can also at this stage deal with: tea, water and soup products but you should definitely stay away from soda and soft drinks.
• The second stage
This stage starts from the seventh day to the tenth day after the procedure when the patient begins to feel hungry. At this stage, it is allowed to drink fluids rich in nutrients but sugars should be avoided. The person must also drink large quantities of water and should consume dried juices and ice cream without sugar and soup. Also the patient should not drink liquids that contain large amounts of sugar and high-fat liquids.
• The third stage
This stage begins with the end of the second week after the procedure until the patient is able to eat soft foods. He should eat mashed potatoes with oats, chicken, scrambled eggs, low-fat cheese and mashed vegetables. Rice, pasta, oil and butter should be avoided.
• The fourth stage
This stage is called the transition stage because the patient moves to eat solid foods after four weeks of the procedure as it is allowed to eat fish, fruits, low-fat meat and vegetables. The patient avoids eating sweets, high-calorie foods, fried foods, and soda.
Eating schedule after sleeve gastrectomy
If you want to undergo this procedure, you should familiarize yourself with the new lifestyle. This is until the best results are obtained after the procedure. You should also prepare a diet schedule after the sleeve gastrectomy as after performing that, you may need hospitalization assistance in order to avoid complications that result from malnutrition.
The procedure of cutting the stomach is not suitable for everyone, therefore you must understand the risks and benefits that the person gains after the procedure. You should also be prepared to change your eating habits as you need a special diet before and after surgery. You should also follow the doctor’s instructions in order to recover from this surgery.
General guidelines and diet schedule after the surgery
About four months after the procedure, you can resume eating normally, but you should control what you eat to maintain the best results. You should also make sure that your diet contains large amounts of fruits, vegetables, and proteins. Unhealthy
meals that contain large calories should also be avoided. General guidelines for the gastrectomy include:
• Avoid concentrated sugars
• Don’t drink and eat at the same time
• Stay away from anti-inflammatory drugs
• Vitamins and nutritional supplements should be taken after consulting a doctor
• Avoid alcohol
After the sleeve gastrectomy is done, you should follow a balanced and specific diet schedule, so the stomach heals properly. The diet is divided into a set of stages after the operation is carried out for a period that may be prolonged.
The Allowed Food
After performing the surgery, you should follow a specific diet and stick to a diet schedule enabling the body to adapt to the small size of the stomach. The person who underwent gastrectomy also needs to eat smaller meals as each week of the gastrectomy procedure includes a special schedule that should be adherent to.
How Gastrectomy is Performed
• The surgeon performs this surgery through a small incision in the abdomen using a laparoscopic instrument.
• Then the doctor inserts a tube with a small camera and puts a speculum into the abdominal cavity.
• The surgical tools are inserted into the abdomen and 85% of the stomach is removed.
• Then the surgeon closes the stomach and closes the incisions made.
• It may take a few weeks to fully recover.
Risks of a sleeve gastrectomy
There is a set of health risks that accompany the person who underwent this procedure. These risks include the following:
• Complications of anesthesia
• Heavy bleeding
• Bacterial infections
• Breathing problems
• Lung problems
• Having blood clots
• Leaks at the cut areas in the stomach
There are also long-term risks which include the following:
• Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
• Low blood sugar